Cuando añado la última línea de este fragmento de mi código de programa:

typedef std::set<Job> JobSet;
typedef boost::shared_ptr<JobSet> JobSetPtr;
JobSetPtr jobs_;

jobs_->insert ( job );  //line 60

Me sale este error:

    g++-4.7  -o /home/kron/Software/Synchronizer/1.0/Main.o -c src/Main.cpp
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h: In instantiation of bool std::less<_Tp>::operator()(const _Tp&, const _Tp&) const [with _Tp = Job]’:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_tree.h:1285:4:   required from std::pair<std::_Rb_tree_iterator<_Val>, bool> std::_Rb_tree<_Key, _Val, _KeyOfValue, _Compare, _Alloc>::_M_insert_unique(const _Val&) [with _Key = Job; _Val = Job; _KeyOfValue = std::_Identity<Job>; _Compare = std::less<Job>; _Alloc = std::allocator<Job>]’
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_set.h:415:29:   required from std::pair<typename std::_Rb_tree<_Key, _Key, std::_Identity<_Key>, _Compare, typename _Alloc::rebind<_Key>::other>::const_iterator, bool> std::set<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>::insert(const value_type&) [with _Key = Job; _Compare = std::less<Job>; _Alloc = std::allocator<Job>; typename std::_Rb_tree<_Key, _Key, std::_Identity<_Key>, _Compare, typename _Alloc::rebind<_Key>::other>::const_iterator = std::_Rb_tree_const_iterator<Job>; std::set<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>::value_type = Job]’
src/Configuration.hpp:60:27:   required from here
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: error: no match for operator<’ in __x < __y
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note: candidates are:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_algobase.h:65:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/char_traits.h:41,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:41,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_pair.h:218:5: note: template<class _T1, class _T2> bool std::operator<(const std::pair<_T1, _T2>&, const std::pair<_T1, _T2>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_pair.h:218:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::pair<_T1, _T2>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_algobase.h:68:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/char_traits.h:41,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:41,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_iterator.h:299:5: note: template<class _Iterator> bool std::operator<(const std::reverse_iterator<_Iterator>&, const std::reverse_iterator<_Iterator>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_iterator.h:299:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::reverse_iterator<_Iterator>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_algobase.h:68:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/char_traits.h:41,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:41,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_iterator.h:349:5: note: template<class _IteratorL, class _IteratorR> bool std::operator<(const std::reverse_iterator<_IteratorL>&, const std::reverse_iterator<_IteratorR>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_iterator.h:349:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::reverse_iterator<_IteratorL>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:54:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/basic_string.h:2566:5: note: template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>&, const std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/basic_string.h:2566:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:54:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/basic_string.h:2578:5: note: template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>&, const _CharT*)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/basic_string.h:2578:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:54:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/basic_string.h:2590:5: note: template<class _CharT, class _Traits, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const _CharT*, const std::basic_string<_CharT, _Traits, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/basic_string.h:2590:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   mismatched types const _CharT*’ and Job
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/vector:65:0,
from src/Main.cpp:2:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_vector.h:1372:5: note: template<class _Tp, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>&, const std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_vector.h:1372:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::vector<_Tp, _Alloc>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/set:60:0,
from src/Configuration.hpp:4,
from src/Main.cpp:5:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_tree.h:873:5: note: template<class _Key, class _Val, class _KeyOfValue, class _Compare, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::_Rb_tree<_Key, _Val, _KeyOfValue, _Compare, _Alloc>&, const std::_Rb_tree<_Key, _Val, _KeyOfValue, _Compare, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_tree.h:873:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::_Rb_tree<_Key, _Val, _KeyOfValue, _Compare, _Alloc>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/set:61:0,
from src/Configuration.hpp:4,
from src/Main.cpp:5:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_set.h:721:5: note: template<class _Key, class _Compare, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::set<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>&, const std::set<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_set.h:721:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::set<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/set:62:0,
from src/Configuration.hpp:4,
from src/Main.cpp:5:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_multiset.h:702:5: note: template<class _Key, class _Compare, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::multiset<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>&, const std::multiset<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_multiset.h:702:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::multiset<_Key, _Compare, _Alloc>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/list:64:0,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/std/list_traits.hpp:15,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/std_containers_traits.hpp:20,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string.hpp:18,
from src/Configuration.hpp:9,
from src/Main.cpp:5:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_list.h:1659:5: note: template<class _Tp, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::list<_Tp, _Alloc>&, const std::list<_Tp, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_list.h:1659:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::list<_Tp, _Alloc>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/deque:65:0,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/find_format.hpp:14,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/replace.hpp:22,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string.hpp:25,
from src/Configuration.hpp:9,
from src/Main.cpp:5:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_deque.h:274:5: note: template<class _Tp, class _Ref, class _Ptr> bool std::operator<(const std::_Deque_iterator<_Tp, _Ref, _Ptr>&, const std::_Deque_iterator<_Tp, _Ref, _Ptr>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_deque.h:274:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::_Deque_iterator<_Tp, _Ref, _Ptr>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/deque:65:0,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/find_format.hpp:14,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/replace.hpp:22,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string.hpp:25,
from src/Configuration.hpp:9,
from src/Main.cpp:5:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_deque.h:282:5: note: template<class _Tp, class _RefL, class _PtrL, class _RefR, class _PtrR> bool std::operator<(const std::_Deque_iterator<_Tp, _RefL, _PtrL>&, const std::_Deque_iterator<_Tp, _RefR, _PtrR>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_deque.h:282:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::_Deque_iterator<_Tp, _RefL, _PtrL>’
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/deque:65:0,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/find_format.hpp:14,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string/replace.hpp:22,
from /usr/include/boost/algorithm/string.hpp:25,
from src/Configuration.hpp:9,
from src/Main.cpp:5:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_deque.h:1947:5: note: template<class _Tp, class _Alloc> bool std::operator<(const std::deque<_Tp, _Alloc>&, const std::deque<_Tp, _Alloc>&)
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_deque.h:1947:5: note:   template argument deduction/substitution failed:
In file included from /usr/include/c++/4.7/string:50:0,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/locale_classes.h:42,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/ios_base.h:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ios:43,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/ostream:40,
from /usr/include/c++/4.7/iostream:40,
from src/Main.cpp:1:
/usr/include/c++/4.7/bits/stl_function.h:236:22: note:   const Job is not derived from const std::deque<_Tp, _Alloc>’
make: *** [/home/kron/Software/Synchronizer/1.0/Main.o] Error 1

Es mi culpa? Si sí, ¿qué hice mal? Si no, ¿alguien tiene el mismo error?

  • ¿cómo se puede definir job?
  • No estoy seguro, pero Job puede ser que necesite un operator< de sobrecarga.
InformationsquelleAutor itun | 2012-04-14

2 Comentarios

  1. 10

    Parece que usted no ha proporcionado una definición de < operador para comparar dos objetos de tipo Job.

    Cuando inserta un objeto en std::set, el contenedor necesita saber la posición donde se debe insertar el elemento, para la que se necesita para comparar el objeto a ser insertado con los elementos ya presentes en el conjunto. Para ello, se utiliza < operador, lo cual supongo que no has proporcionado. std::set<Job> simplemente no sabe cómo comparar dos objetos de tipo Job.

    Así que usted podría proporcionar operator< para Job clase.

    O, alternativamente, definir este functor para comparar Job objetos:

    struct JobComparer
    {
    bool operator()(Job const &j1, Job const &j2)
    {
    //compare j1 and j2 and return true or false
    }
    };

    a continuación, utilizarlo como:

    typedef std::set<Job, JobComparer> JobSet;

    O, usted podría especializarse std::less como se explica aquí.

    Se podía ver en este tema:

    • Hombre, GCC registros de error son super ineficiente a veces. Gracias por la explicación.
  2. 6

    Nawaz proporcionado una respuesta simple, pero creo que se merece una más completa.

    Un set de objetos en C++, es un orden de contenedor, sin duplicados. Para ser capaz de ordenar los objetos que utiliza una plantilla de segundo parámetro que no sea el objeto en sí mismo: un functor cuyo trabajo es comparar dos objetos. También utiliza un 3er parámetro para la asignación de memoria, inútil aquí.

    Cuando se utiliza un set usted proporciona dos parámetros:

    struct NameComparator {
    template <typename T>
    bool operator()(T const& left, T const& right) {
    return left.name() < right.name();
    }
    };
    std::set<Job, NameComparator> JobSet;

    El comparador siempre debe definir la noción de orden. Básicamente, pensar en cómo < trabajo de dos enteros:

    • es irreflexiva: x < x nunca tiene
    • es antisimétrica: si x < y luego y < x es falso
    • es transitiva: si x < y y y < z luego x < z

    Ya que este es tan frecuente en la relación, un functor existe en la biblioteca estándar: template <typename T> struct std::less;, que funciona para cualquier tipo de T para con dos instancias que se puede usar el operador <.

    Y como es, el segundo parámetro de set, del que no se indica de forma explícita, los valores predeterminados a std::less<TypeOfObjectInSet>. Lo que significa que sólo funciona fuera de la caja cuando se proporciona con los objetos para que < está definido.

    Por lo tanto, usted tiene 3 soluciones.

    Si los objetos admite un «natural» el fin de la relación, entonces usted puede definir operator< o se especializan std::less. De lo contrario, si sólo necesitas un poco de relación de orden para este juego, entonces usted puede proporcionar su propio comparador.

    Tenga en cuenta que si el pedido es no necesario, entonces usted puede utilizar un unordered_set. Se requiere de hash y una relación de igualdad.

    • +1 para los detalles.

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